Volume 6, Issue 3, pages 98-113
Mohammed Sanduk is an Iraqi born British physicist. He was educated at University of Baghdad and University of Manchester. Before attending his undergraduate study, he pub-lished a book in particle physics entitled “Mesons”. Sanduk has worked in industry and academia, and his last post in Iraq was head of the Laser and Opto-electronics Engineering department at Nahrain University in Baghdad. Owing to his interest in the philosophy of science, and he was a member of the academic staff of Pontifical Babel College for Philosophy. Sanduk is working with the department of chemical and process engineering at the University of Surrey. Sanduk is interested in transport of charged particles, Magnetohydro-dynamics, and the renewable energy technology. In addition to that, Sanduk is interested in the foundation of Quantum mechanics, and the philosophy of science & technology.
Since 2007, theoretical kinematical model has been developed. The work tries to explain the complex waveform. It is a non-quantum theory. The work is a circles theory and the complex waveform arises as a result of partial observation of rolling circles. The interesting thing is that the results show an analogy with relativistic quantum mechanics. The present article tries to put forward the conceptual background of that theory. The circles world is recognised as an external world and a mathematical world, whereas the observables represent the physical world or reality. The observation leads to physicalisation process. The difference between the two worlds is related to the resolution problem of observation that causes partial observation. When this problem is effective, the reality is deficient, and we deal with a deficient reality. Within this frame, the relativistic quantum mechanics may look like a description of an observable microscopic world that is related to a mathematical external world of circles combinations, but it is for the deficient reality.