Volume 1, Issue 1, pages 46-84
Marcel Dube [Show Biography]
Interpreting the hydrogen line spectrum has been central in formulating quantum mechanics. A critical observation in the H spectrum has completely escaped attention for 100 years with potentially far reaching consequences. We have discovered that the series limit, every spectral line and their difference all come in integer number ratios, for instances (4:3:1) for Lyman alpha, (9:8:1) for beta, (16:15:1) for gamma lines, and so forth, in which the last number is the unit difference between the first two integers. Such ratios bear the obvious signature of a ubiquitous BEATING mechanism. Such missed observation is of utmost importance because contrary to the current paradigm in which line frequencies are postulated coming from transitions between putative energy levels, and oscillator strength from transition probabilities, beating requires physical oscillators setting both line frequency and strength. The electromagnetic nature of radiation suggesting a primarily electric field origin, we conjecture that the needed oscillators may come from the quantization of the electric field itself into discrete field lines acting as oscillators beating with radial oscillations of the electron on orbit at orderly set discrete frequencies, the strength being determined by how frequently the field line oscillations coincide and get reinforced by radial oscillations of the electron. We show such electric field quantization is at the origin of every quantum behavior, accounting as from first principle for spectral lines and series, angular momentum, spin, fine structure, Lamb shift and atomic electronic structures. Such electric field quantization has further numerous implications in astrophysics and dark matter, thus bridging quantum and large scale worlds.